Kronos Fusion Energy is a trailblazing company dedicated to the design, construction, and operation of a unique particle accelerator that specifically produces Tritium and Helium-3 for the Department of Defense (DoD) and national security applications. The company is focused on leveraging accelerator-driven systems (ADS) to generate tritium on an industrial scale, using a novel nuclear reactor design that combines a subcritical reactor core with a high-energy proton accelerator.
This innovative ADS technology directs high-energy protons at lithium, resulting in the decay of lithium into tritium and helium. The process is efficient, adjustable, and minimizes the production of long-lived radioactive waste. With an emphasis on sustainability and clean energy, Kronos Fusion Energy's groundbreaking tritium production approach has the potential to reshape the fusion energy industry and promote a cleaner, more efficient power generation landscape.
Kronos is currently developing several prototype fusion power generators and has established the Tritium Breeding Program to secure a redundant source of Tritium for the DoD's national defense requirements, as well as to ensure the future availability of Helium-3 for the Tritium-Helium-3 fuel cycle employed by their generators.
Leading national laboratories, including Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Los Alamos National Laboratory, are at the forefront of ADS research and development, backed by substantial investment from the US Department of Energy (DOE).
Kronos' proprietary technologies enable the production of Tritium with higher efficiency in a smaller Accelerator Driven System (ADS) package, addressing efficiency issues related to beam loss and halo formation due to space charge effects. The preliminary ADS tritium breeding accelerator design, operating at high power states, is projected to yield larger quantities of Tritium more efficiently and safely than alternative methods. Kronos anticipates producing xx kilograms of Tritium annually starting in 2032. As part of the Tritium Breeding Program proposal, Kronos recommends reserving xx% of the produced tritium to decay into Helium-3, making Helium-3 supplies available from 2044 at a rate of xx kilograms annually.